Hepatitis A

What is Hepatitis A?

Hepatitis A is an infectious illness of the liver caused by the Hepatitis A virus.

How do I know I’ve got it?
Initially when people get hepatitis A they may be unwell with a fever, muscle aches and feel a bit like they have flu. In addition their skin and eyes may go yellow - ‘jandiced’.

These symptoms can get worse and require treatment, or they can get better. After the infection has gone it does not cause any longterm problems.

How do you get it?
From ingestion of faecal matter, either through sexual contact or by contamination of drinking water poor hygiene. In some countries Hepatitis A is very common e.g. India and Africa.

Where can I get tested?
If you think you have Hepatitis A you should see your GP.

What is the treatment?
Most people do not require treatment as the infection is self limiting. In a very small number of peoplethe illness ca be more severe and require hospitalisation for control of vomiting and dehyration.

Sexual partners
If you are diagnosed with hepatitis A it is important that your sexual partner(s) are tested and vaccinated if necessary.

How do I avoid getting Hepatitis A?
Vaccination is available for Hepatitis A. Once you have had hepatitis A you cannot get it again.

Practicing safer sex will reduce your risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection. This means using a condom for oral, vaginal and anal sex.

 

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